Yunus Emre

Emre in Turkmenistan.

Yunus Emre (Turkish pronunciation: [juˈnus emˈɾe]) (1238–1320) was a Turkish poet and Sufi mystic.

Yunus Emre Memorial, Karaman, Turkey.


    Yunus Emre has exercised immense influence on Turkish literature, from his own day until the present. Because Yunus Emre is, after Ahmet Yesevi and Sultan Walad, one of the first known poets to have composed works in the spoken Turkish of his own age and region rather than in Persian or Arabic, his diction remains very close to the popular speech of his contemporaries in Central and Western Anatolia. This is also the language of a number of anonymous folk-poets, folk-songs, fairy tales, riddles (tekerlemeler), and proverbs. Like the Oghuz Book of Dede Korkut, an older and anonymous Central Asian epic, the Turkish folklore that inspired Yunus Emre in his occasional use of tekerlemeler as a poetic device had been handed down orally to him and his contemporaries. This strictly oral tradition continued for a long while. Following the Mongolian invasion of Anatolia facilitated by the Sultanate of Rûm's defeat at the 1243 Battle of Köse Dağ, Islamic mystic literature thrived in Anatolia, and Yunus Emre became one of its most distinguished poets. Poems of Sultan Yunus Emre — despite being fairly simple on the surface — evidence his skill in describing quite abstruse mystical concepts in a clear way. He remains a popular figure in a number of countries, stretching from Azerbaijan to the Balkans, with seven different and widely dispersed localities disputing the privilege of having his tomb within their boundaries. His poems, written in the tradition of Anatolian folk poetry, mainly concern divine love as well as human destiny:

    Yunus durur benim adım
    Gün geçtikçe artar odum
    İki cihanda maksûdum
    Bana seni gerek seni.

    Yunus is my name,
    Each passing day fans and rouses my flame,
    What I desire in both worlds is the same:
    You're the one I need, you're the one I crave.

    Araya araya bulsam izini
    İzinin tozuna sürsem yüzümü
    Hak nasibeylese, görsem yüzünü
    Ya Muhammed canım arzular seni

    Bir mübarek sefer olsa da gitsem
    Kâbe yollarında kumlara batsam
    Mâh cemalin bir kez düşte seyretsem
    Ya Muhammed canım pek sever seni

    Ali ile Hasan-Hüseyin anda
    Sevgisi gönülde, muhabbet canda
    Yarın mahşer günü hak divanında
    Ya Muhammed canım pek sever seni

    "Yunus" senin medhin eder dillerde
    Dillerde, dillerde, hem gönüllerde
    Arayı arayı gurbet illerde
    Ya Muhammed canım arzular seni

    (Poem about Muhammad, Ali, Hassan and Hussein.)

    Yunus Emre's portrait is depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 200 lira banknote issued in 2009.


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