Valerie Harper

Valerie Kathryn Harper (born August 22, 1939) is an American actress.

She is best known for her roles as Rhoda Morgenstern in the 1970s television series The Mary Tyler Moore Show and its spin-off, Rhoda, and later as Valerie Hogan in Valerie. She is a four-time Primetime Emmy Award winner. Her notable film roles include Freebie and the Bean (1974), and Chapter Two (1979), both of which garnered her Golden Globe Award nominations.

Harper is also known for her stage work, having appeared in several Broadway productions. She started her career as a dancer on Broadway, making her debut in the musical Take Me Along in 1959. In 2010, she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance as Talullah Bankhead in the play Looped.

    Early life

    Harper was born in Suffern, New York, the daughter of Iva Mildred (née McConnell 1910-1988) and Howard Donald Harper. Her father was a lighting salesman, and her mother was born in Canada and trained as a nurse. She is the middle child of three siblings. She has an older sister, Leah; a younger brother, Merrill (who later took the name "Don") and a half-sister, Virginia, from her father's second marriage.[]

    She claims her parents were expecting a boy and after her arrival, her first and middle names derived from that year's women's doubles tennis champions, Valerie Scott and Kay Stammers. She is of French, English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh ancestry. Harper claims to have based her future character Rhoda Morgenstern on her Italian stepmother, Angela Posillico, and Penny Ann Green (née Joanna Greenberg), with whom she danced in the Broadway musical Wildcat. She was raised Catholic, although at an early age she "quit" the church.

    The family moved every two years due to her father's work, attending schools in South Orange, New Jersey; Pasadena, California; Monroe, Michigan; Ashland, Oregon; and Jersey City, New Jersey. When her family returned to Oregon, Harper remained in the New York City area to study ballet. She attended Lincoln High School in Jersey City, graduating from the private Young Professionals School on West 56th Street, where classmates included Sal Mineo, Tuesday Weld, and Carol Lynley.

    Career

    Broadway dancer and improv

    Harper began as a dancer and chorus girl on Broadway, and went on to perform in several Broadway shows, some choreographed by Michael Kidd, including Wildcat (starring Lucille Ball), Take Me Along (starring Jackie Gleason), and Subways Are For Sleeping. In-between she was also cast in Destry Rides Again but was forced to leave rehearsals due to illness. Her roommate, actress Arlene Golonka, introduced her to Second City improvisation theater and to improv performer Dick Schaal, whom Harper later married in 1965. Harper was stepmother to Schaal's daughter, Wendy, an actress. They lived in Greenwich Village. She returned to Broadway in February 2010, playing Tallulah Bankhead in Matthew Lombardo's Looped at the Lyceum Theatre.

    Harper appeared in a bit part in the film version of Li'l Abner (1959), playing a Yokumberry Tonic wife. She broke into television on an episode of the soap opera The Doctors ("Zip Guns can Kill"). She was an extra in Love with the Proper Stranger. She toured with Second City with Schaal, Linda Lavin and others, later appearing in sketches on Playboy After Dark. Harper and Schaal moved to Los Angeles in 1968, and co-wrote an episode of Love, American Style.

    Television

    Harper with Mary Tyler Moore and Cloris Leachman in final episode of The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1977)

    While doing theater in Los Angeles in 1970, Harper was spotted by casting agent Ethel Winant, who called her in to audition for the role of Rhoda Morgenstern on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She co-starred from 1970–1974 and then starred in the spin-off series, Rhoda (CBS 1974-1978) in which her character returned to New York. She won four Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award for her work as Rhoda Morgenstern throughout this period. In 2000, Harper reunited with Moore in Mary and Rhoda, a TV movie that brought their iconic characters together again in later life. The first season of Rhoda was released on DVD on April 21, 2009, by Shout! Factory.

    She was nominated for a Golden Globe for "New Star of the Year" for her role in Freebie and The Bean (1974). Harper was a guest star on The Muppet Show in 1976, its first season.

    Harper at 2010 The Heart Truth

    Harper returned to situation comedy in 1986 when she played family matriarch Valerie Hogan on the NBC series Valerie. Following a salary dispute with NBC and production company Lorimar in 1987, Harper was fired from the series at the end of its second season. Harper sued NBC and Lorimar for breach of contract. Her claims against NBC were dismissed, but the jury found that Lorimar had wrongfully fired her and awarded her $1.4 million plus 12.5 percent of the show's profits. The series continued without her with the explanation that her character had died off-screen. In 1987, it was initially renamed Valerie's Family and then The Hogan Family, as Harper was replaced by actress Sandy Duncan, who played her sister-in-law Sandy Hogan. NBC canceled The Hogan Family in 1990, but it was picked up by CBS for a final season.

    Harper appeared in various television movies, including a performance as Maggie in a production of the Michael Cristofer play The Shadow Box, directed by Paul Newman, and in guest roles on such series as Melrose Place (1998) and Sex and the City (1999).

    Later career

    Harper is a member of the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) and ran for president in the 2001 election, losing to Melissa Gilbert. She served on the Hollywood Board of Directors of SAG.

    In 2005 through 2006, Harper portrayed Golda Meir in a US National tour of the one-woman drama Golda's Balcony. A film of this production was released in 2007.

    She played Tallulah Bankhead in the world-premiere production of Matthew Lombardo's Looped at the Pasadena Playhouse from June 27 to August 3, 2008, and at Arena Stage in Washington, D.C., in 2009. The play had a brief run on Broadway at the Lyceum Theatre, from February 2010 (previews) through April 2010. She played Claire Bremmer, aunt of Susan Delfino (Teri Hatcher), on ABC's Desperate Housewives in 2011.

    On September 4, 2013, Harper was announced as a contestant for the 17th season of Dancing with the Stars. She was partnered with professional dancer Tristan MacManus. Harper and MacManus were voted off on October 7, 2013.

    Activism and charity work

    In the 1970s/80s, Harper was involved in the Women's Liberation Movement and was an advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment. With Dennis Weaver she co-founded L.I.F.E. in 1983, a charity that fed thousands of needy in Los Angeles.

    Personal life

    Harper married actor Richard Schaal in 1964. They divorced in 1978. Harper later married Tony Cacciotti in 1987; the couple has a daughter by adoption.

    In 2009, Harper was diagnosed with lung cancer. She announced on March 6, 2013, that tests from a January hospital stay revealed she has leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, a rare condition in which cancer cells spread into the meninges, the membranes surrounding the brain. She said her doctors had given her as little as three months' life expectancy. Although the disease was reported to be incurable, her doctors said they were treating her with chemotherapy in an effort to slow its progress. In April 2014, Harper said she was responding well to the treatment. On July 30, 2015, Harper was hospitalized in Maine after falling unconscious. Later on the 30th she was taken via medevac to a larger hospital for further treatment. She was later released.

    Filmography

    Films

    Year Title Role Notes
    1956 Rock Rock Rock! Dancer at Prom (uncredited)
    1959 Li'l Abner Luke's Wife (uncredited)
    1963 Trash Program Wife (voice, uncredited) Short film
    1969 With a Feminine Touch
    1973 Shape of Things, TheThe Shape of Things Herself Television movie
    1974 Thursday's Game Ann Menzente Television movie
    1974 Freebie and the Bean Consuelo Nominated—Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress
    1977 Night Drive Carol Turner Television movie
    1979 Chapter Two Faye Medwick Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
    1980 Last Married Couple in America, TheThe Last Married Couple in America Barbara
    1980 Fun and Games Carol Hefferman Television movie
    1980 Shadow Box, TheThe Shadow Box Maggie Television movie
    1981 The Day the Loving Stopped Norma Danner Television movie
    1982 Farrell for the People Elizabeth "Liz" Farrell Television movie
    1982 Don't Go to Sleep Laura Television movie
    1983 Invasion of Privacy, AnAn Invasion of Privacy Kate Bianchi Television movie
    1984 Blame It on Rio Karen Hollis
    1985 Execution, TheThe Execution Hannah Epstein Television movie
    1987 Strange Voices Lynn Glover Television movie
    1988 Drop-Out Mother Nora Cromwell Television movie
    1988 People Across the Lake, TheThe People Across the Lake Rachel Yoman Television movie
    1990 Stolen: One Husband Katherine Slade Television movie
    1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Fatal Fashion Dyan Draper Television movie
    1993 Poetry Hall of Fame, TheThe Poetry Hall of Fame Herself Television movie
    1994 Friend to Die For, AA Friend to Die For Mrs. Delvecchio Television movie
    1995 Great Mom Swap, TheThe Great Mom Swap Grace Venessi Television movie
    1997 Dog's Best Friend Chicken (voice) Television movie
    2000 Mary and Rhoda Rhoda Morgenstern-Rousseau Television movie
    2002 Dancing at the Harvest Moon Claire Television movie
    2007 Golda's Balcony Golda Meir
    2011 Shiver Audrey Alden
    2011 My Future Boyfriend Bobbi Moreau Television movie
    2011 Fixing Pete Mrs. Friedlander Television movie
    2011 Certainty Kathryn
    2014 The Town That Came A-Courtin' Charlotte Television movie
    2015 Merry Xmas Mother 7 minute short

    Television

    Year Title Role Notes
    1970–1977 Mary Tyler Moore Show, TheThe Mary Tyler Moore Show Rhoda Morgenstern 92 episodes
    Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (1971–73)
    Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film (1973–74)
    Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series
    1971 Story Theatre Unknown Unknown episodes
    1971 Love, American Style Barbara Watkins Episode: "Love and the Housekeeper"
    1972 Columbo Eve Babcock Episode: "The Most Crucial Game"
    1974–1978 Rhoda Rhoda Morgenstern Gerard 110 episodes
    Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
    Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
    Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
    Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series (1976–78)
    1976 The Muppet Show Herself Episode: "Valerie Harper"
    1982 Fridays Herself 1 episode
    1986 Love Boat, TheThe Love Boat Laurel Peters 2 episodes: "Egyptian Cruise Part 1 & Part 2"
    1986–1987 Valerie Valerie Hogan 32 episodes
    1990 City Liz Gianni 13 episodes
    1994 Missing Persons Ellen Hartig 3 episodes: "All They Had to Do Was Ask..." and "Tell Me You Didn't Do It... I'll Go to the Wall for You" and "What Do You Want... A Signed Confession?"
    1995 The Office Rita Stone 6 episodes
    1996–1999 Touched by an Angel Kate Prescott 2 episodes: "Flesh and Blood" (1996) and "Full Circle" (1999)
    1996 Promised Land Molly Arnold Episode: "The Magic Gate"
    1998 Generator Gawl Various (voice) Unknown episodes
    1998 Melrose Place Mia Mancini 2 episodes: "Mama Mia" and "Last Train to Bagdad"
    1998 Sorcerous Stabber Orphen Townspeople (voice) Episode: "The Sword of Baltanders"
    1999 Sex and the City Wallis Wysel Episode: "Shortcomings"
    2000 Beggars and Choosers Unknown Episode: "Be Careful What You Wish For"
    2000 As Told by Ginger Maryellen (voice) Episode: "The Wedding Frame"
    2001 That '70s Show Paula Episode: "Eric's Naughty No-no"
    2001 Family Law Julia Episode: "Clemency"
    2001 Three Sisters Merle Keats 2 episodes: "The In Laws" and "Three Thanksgivings, One Turkey"
    2003−2004 Less Than Perfect Judith 2 episodes: "Claude's Alternative Thanksgiving" and "Mom's the Word"
    2005 Committed Lily Solomon Episode: "The Mother Episode"
    2009 'Til Death Barbara Episode: "The Courtship of Eddie's Parents"
    2011 Desperate Housewives Claire Bremmer Episode: "Where Do I Belong?"
    2011–2012 Drop Dead Diva Judge Leslie Singer 2 episodes: "Bride-a-Palooza" and "Freak Show"
    2013 The Simpsons Test Proctor Episode: "A Test Before Trying"
    2013 Hot in Cleveland Angie Episode: "Love Is All Around"
    2013 Dancing with the Stars Herself (Contestant) Season 17, eliminated week 4
    2014 American Dad! IHOP Diner Episode: "Cock of the Sleepwalk"
    2014 Signed, Sealed, Delivered Theresa Capodiamonte Guest star; 2 episodes: "Time to Start Livin' " and "To Whom It May Concern"
    2015 Melissa & Joey Aunt Bunny Episode: "Thanks But No Thanks"
    2015 2 Broke Girls Nola Episode: "And The Great Unwashed"

    Theater

    Year Title Role Notes
    1959–1960 Take Me Along Lady Entertainer, Townswoman
    1960–1961 Wildcat Dancer
    1961–1962 Subways Are for Sleeping Dancer
    1967–1968 Something Different Beth Nemerov Replacement
    1970–1971 Paul Sills' Story Theatre Various
    1971 Ovid's Metamorphoses Ensemble
    1995 Death Defying Acts Dorothy/Carol Replacement. Off-Boardway: Variety Arts Theatre
    1998–1999 All Under Heaven Pearl S. Buck Off-Broadway's Century Center Theatre. Ran Nov. 3, 1998 to Jan. 11, 1999. Playing 16 previews and 65 regular performances.
    2001–2002 Tale of the Allergist's Wife, TheThe Tale of the Allergist's Wife Marjorie Replacement (from July 31, 2001 - May 26, 2002)
    2008–2010 Looped Tallulah Bankhead 2010 Tony Award nominee: Best Actress in a Play
    2015 Nice Work if You Can Get It Millicent Winter Ogunquit Playhouse (Maine) (July 22--July 29--bowed out after collapsing backstage and hospitalized. Replaced by Brenda Vaccaro for remaining run through Aug 15, 2015.)

    Awards and nominations

    Harper is a one-time Tony nominee, eight-time Emmy nominee (four wins) and a six-time Golden Globe nominee (one win).

    Year Award Category Work Result
    1971 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
    1972 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
    1972 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress – Television The Mary Tyler Moore Show Nominated
    1973 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
    1973 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress - Television The Mary Tyler Moore Show Nominated
    1974 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Nominated
    1974 Golden Globe New Female Star of the Year Freebie and the Bean Nominated
    1974 Golden Globe Best Actress in a TV Comedy Series Rhoda Won
    1975 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Won
    1975 Golden Globe Best Actress in a TV Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
    1976 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
    1977 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
    1978 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
    1979 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Chapter Two Nominated
    2010 Tony Awards Best Actress in a Play Looped Nominated

    References

    Reference bibliography
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