Gifford Lectures

The Gifford Lectures are an annual series of lectures which were established by the will of Adam Lord Gifford (died 1887). They were established to "promote and diffuse the study of natural theology in the widest sense of the term — in other words, the knowledge of God." A Gifford lectures appointment is one of the most prestigious honors in Scottish academia. The lectures are given at several Scottish universities: University of St Andrews, University of Glasgow, University of Aberdeen and University of Edinburgh. They are normally presented as a series over an academic year and given with the intent that the edited content be published in book form. A number of these works have become classics in the fields of theology or philosophy and the relationship between religion and science.

    Notable lectures

    Aberdeen

    • 1898–00 Josiah Royce The World and the Individual
    • 1901-02 William James The Varieties of Religious Experience
    • 1907-1908 Hans Driesch The Science and Philosophy of the Organism
    • 1911–13 Andrew_Seth_Pringle-Pattison The Idea of God in the light of Recent Philosophy
    • 1914–15 William Ritchie Sorley Moral Values and the Idea of God
    • 1927-28 Alfred North Whitehead Process and Reality
    • 1930–32 Etienne Gilson The Spirit of Medieval Philosophy
    • 1936–38 Karl Barth The Knowledge of God and the Service of God according to the Teaching of the Reformation
    • 1939–40 Arthur Darby Nock Hellenistic Religion - The Two Phases
    • 1949–50 Gabriel Marcel The Mystery of Being ISBN 1-890318-85-X, Faith and Reality ISBN 1-890318-86-8
    • 1951–52 Michael Polanyi Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy, ISBN 0-226-67288-3
    • 1953–54 Paul Tillich Systematic Theology (3 vols.): ISBN 0-226-80337-6, ISBN 0-226-80338-4, ISBN 0-226-80339-2
    • 1963, 1965 Alister Hardy The Living Stream, The Divine Flame
    • 1965–1967 Raymond Aron La Conscience historique dans la pensée et dans l'action
    • 1973 Hannah Arendt Life of the Mind
    • 1982–84 Richard Swinburne The Evolution of the Soul, ISBN 0-19-823698-0
    • 1984–85 Freeman Dyson Infinite In All Directions, ISBN 0-06-072889-2
    • 1989–91 Ian Barbour Religion in an Age of Science, ISBN 0-06-060383-6
    • 1992–93 Jaroslav Pelikan Christianity and Classical Culture: The Metamorphosis of Natural Theology in the Christian Encounter With Hellenism, ISBN 0-300-06255-9
    • 1994–95 Faith and Criticism in the Work of William Robertson Smith, 1846-1894
    • 1994–95 New Light and Enlightenment
    • 1994–95 Science and Religion before and after Hume
    • 1994–95 The Order of Nature
    • 1994–95 Alexander Broadie The Shadow of Scotus
    • 1997–98 Russell Stannard The God Experiment
    • 2000–01 John S. Habgood The Concept of Nature
    • 2003–04 John Haldane Mind, Soul and Deity
    • 2003 Eleonore Stump Wandering in the Darkness
    • 2007 Seeing Things: Deepening Relations with Visual Artefacts, ISBN 978-0-334-04149-8
    • 2009 Alister McGrath A Fine-Tuned Universe: The Quest for God in Science and Theology, ISBN 978-0-664-23310-5
    • 2012 Sarah Coakley Sacrifice Regained: Evolution, Cooperation and God
    • 2014 David N. Livingstone Dealing with Darwin: Place, Politics and Rhetoric in Religious Engagements with Evolution

    Edinburgh

    • 1891 George Gabriel Stokes Natural Theology
    • 1900–02 William James The Varieties of Religious Experience, ISBN 0-679-64011-8 (several editions in print)
    • 1909–10 William Warde Fowler The Religious Experience of the Roman People, ISBN 0-8154-0372-0
    • 1911–12 Bernard Bosanquet The Principle of Individuality and Value, ISBN 0-527-10036-6
    • 1913–14 Henri Bergson The Problem of Personality
    • 1915–16 William Mitchell Ramsay Asianic Elements in Greek Civilization, ISBN 0-89005-173-9
    • 1919–21 George Stout Mind and Matter pub. 1931
    • 1921–23 Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison Studies in the Philosophy of Religion, ISBN 0-404-60474-9
    • 1923–25 James George Frazer The Worship of Nature ISBN 1-56459-532-3
    • 1926–27 Arthur Eddington The Nature of the Physical World, ISBN 0-472-06015-5
    • 1927–28 Alfred North Whitehead Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology, ISBN 0-02-934570-7
    • 1928–29 John Dewey The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action, ISBN 1-4179-0845-9
    • 1934–35 Albert Schweitzer The Problem of Natural Theology and Natural Ethics (unpublished)
    • 1937–38 Charles Sherrington Man on His Nature, ISBN 0-521-06436-8
    • 1938–40 Reinhold Niebuhr The Nature and Destiny of Man: A Christian Interpretation , (2 vol set): ISBN 0-664-25709-7
    • 1947–49 Christopher Dawson part 1:Religion and Culture ISBN 0-404-60498-6 part 2: Religion and the Rise of Western Culture (1950) ISBN 0-385-42110-9
    • 1949–50 Niels Bohr Causality and Complementarity: Epistemological Lessons of Studies in Atomic Physics, ISBN 1-881987-14-0
    • 1952–53 Arnold J. Toynbee An Historian's Approach to Religion, ISBN 0-19-215260-2
    • 1954–55 Rudolf Bultmann History and Eschatology: The Presence of Eternity, ISBN 0-8371-8123-2
    • 1973–74 Owen Chadwick The Secularisation of the European Mind in the 19th Century, ISBN 0-521-39829-0
    • 1974–76 Stanley Jaki The Road of Science and the Ways to God, ISBN 0-226-39145-0
    • 1978–79 Sir John Eccles The Human Mystery, The Human Psyche, ISBN 0-387-09954-9
    • 1979-80 Ninian Smart "The Varieties of Religious Identity", published as Beyond Ideology: Religion and the Future of Western Civilisation, ISBN 0-06-067402-4
    • 1980–81 Seyyed Hossein Nasr Knowledge and the Sacred, ISBN 0-7914-0177-4
    • 1981–82 Iris Murdoch Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals, ISBN 0-14-017232-7
    • 1983-84 David Daiches God and the Poets, ISBN 0-19-812825-8
    • 1984–85 Jurgen Moltmann God in Creation: A New Theology of Creation and the Spirit of God, ISBN 0-8006-2823-3
    • 1985-86 Paul Ricoeur "Oneself as another", ISBN 0-226-71329-6
    • 1986–87 John Hick An Interpretation of Religion, (2nd ed.): ISBN 0-300-10668-8
    • 1987–88 Alasdair MacIntyre Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: ISBN 0-7156-2337-0
    • 1988–89 Raimon Panikkar Trinity and Theism: ISBN 978-1-57075-855-3
    • 1989–90 Mary Douglas Claims on God: published (much revised) as In the Wilderness: ISBN 1-85075-444-6
    • 1993–94 John Polkinghorne Science and Christian Belief: Theological Reflections of a Bottom-up Thinker, ISBN 0-281-04714-6
    • 1995–96 G. A. Cohen If you're an Egalitarian, how come you're so Rich?, published by Harvard University Press under the same title: ISBN 0-674-00693-3
    • 1996–97 Richard Sorabji Emotions and How to Cope with Them, published as Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation, ISBN 0-19-825005-3
    • 1997–98 Holmes Rolston III Genes, Genesis and God, ISBN 0-521-64674-X
    • 1998–99 Charles Taylor, Living in a Secular Age, published as A Secular Age: ISBN 0-674-02676-4
    • 1999–2000 David Tracy This side of God
    • 2000–01 Onora O'Neill Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics
    • 2001–02 Mohammed Arkoun Inaugurating a Critique of Islamic Reason
    • 2002–03 Michael Ignatieff The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror, ISBN 0-691-11751-9
    • 2003–04 J. Wentzel van Huyssteen Alone in the World? Human Uniqueness in Science and Theology, ISBN 0-8028-3246-6
    • 2004–05 Dame Margaret Anstee Stephen Toulmin, and Noam Chomsky, delivering a series of lectures dedicated to Edward Said who was scheduled to give the 2004–05 series before his death in 2003.
    • 2005–06 Jean Bethke Elshtain Sovereign God, Sovereign State, Sovereign Self
    • 2006–07 Simon Conway Morris Darwin 's Compass: How Evolution Discovers the Song of Creation and Jonathan Riley-Smith The Crusades and Christianity
    • 2007–08 Alexander Nehamas "Because it was he, because it was I": Friendship and Its Place in Life
    • 2008 Robert M. Veatch, Hipprocratic, Religious and Secular Medical Ethics: The Point of Conflict
    • 2008–09 Diana Eck The Age of Pluralism [April–May 2009]
    • 2009–10 Michael Gazzaniga Mental Life [October 2009]
    • 2009–10 Terry Eagleton The God Debate [March 2010]
    • 2010–11 Peter Harrison Science, Religion and the Modern World, published as The Territories of Science and Religion ISBN 978-0226184487, Gordon Brown The Future of Jobs and Justice
    • 2011–12 Diarmaid MacCulloch Holme's Dog: Silence in the History of the Church, Jim Al-Khalili Alan Turing: Legacy of a Code Breaker
    • 2013 Bruno Latour "Once Out of Nature" - Natural Religion as a Pleonasm
    • 2012-13 Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature: A History of Violence and Humanity
    • 2013-14 Baroness Onora O'Neill From Toleration to Freedom of Expression
    • 2013-14 Lord Rowan Williams of Oystermouth Making representations: religious faith and the habits of language
    • 2013-14 Justice "What is Caesar's?" Adjudicating faith in modern constitutional democracies
    • 2014-15 Professor Jeremy Waldron One Another's Equals: The Basis of Human Equality

    Glasgow

    • 1888–92 Friedrich Max Müller 1888: Natural Religion vol. 1 & 2; 1890: Physical Religion; 1891: Anthropological Religion: 1892: Theosophy or Psychological Religion
    • 1892–96 John Caird The Fundamental Ideas of Christianity Vol.1&2
    • 1896–98 Alexander Balmain Bruce The Moral Order of the World, The Providential Order of the World
    • 1910-12 John Watson The Interpretation of Religious Experience
    • 1914 Arthur Balfour Theism and Humanism ISBN 1-58742-005-8
    • 1916–18 Samuel Alexander Space, Time, and Deity, volume one: ISBN 0-7661-8701-2, volume two: ISBN 0-7661-8702-0
    • 1922 Arthur Balfour Theism and Thought
    • 1927–28 J. B. S. Haldane The Sciences and Philosophy, ISBN 0-404-60479-X
    • 1932–34 William Temple Nature, Man and God
    • 1952–54 John Macmurray The Form of the Personal vol 1: The Self as Agent ISBN 1-57392-337-0 vol 2: Persons in Relation ISBN 1-57392-625-6
    • 1959 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker The Relevance of Science
    • 1965 Herbert Butterfield Historical Writing and Christian Beliefs and Human Beliefs and the Development of Historical Writing
    • 1970 Richard William Southern The Rise and Fall of the Medieval System of Religious Thought
    • 1974-76 Basil Mitchell Morality, Religious and Secular
    • 1985 Carl Sagan The Search for Who We Are, published in 2006 as The Varieties of Scientific Experience: A Personal View of the Search for God, ISBN 1-59420-107-2
    • 1986 Donald M. MacKay Behind the Eye
    • 1988 Don Cupitt Nature and Culture
    • 1988 Richard Dawkins Worlds in Microcosm
    • 1992 Mary Warnock Imagination and Understanding, published as Imagination and Time, ISBN 0-631-19019-8
    • 1993–94 Keith Ward Religion and Revelation ISBN 0-19-826375-9 (ISBN 13: 978-0-19-826375-3)
    • 1995–96 Geoffrey Cantor and John Hedley Brooke Reconstructing Nature
    • 1997–98 R J (Sam) Berry Gods, Genes, Greens and Everything
    • 1999–00 Ralph McInerny Characters in Search of Their Author
    • 2001 Lynne Baker The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding
    • 2003–04 Simon Blackburn Reason's Empire
    • 2007–08 David Fergusson Religion and Its Recent Critics published as Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation, ISBN 978-0-19-956938-0
    • 2008–09 Charles Taylor The Necessity of Secularist Regimes [May 2009]
    • 2009–10 Gianni Vattimo The End of Reality
    • 2012 Vilayanur Ramachandran Body and Mind: Insights from Neuroscience
    • 2014 Jean-Luc Marion Givenness and Revelation

    St Andrews

    References

    • Stanley Jaki, Lord Gifford and His Lectures: A Centenary Retrospect (1987). Scottish Academic Press, ISBN 0-7073-0465-2.
    • Larry Witham, The Measure of God: Our Century-Long Struggle to Reconcile Science & Religion (2005), HarperSanFrancisco hardcover: ISBN 0-06-059191-9; reprinted as The Measure of God: History's Greatest Minds Wrestle with Reconciling Science and Religion (2006), paperback: ISBN 0-06-085833-8.

    External links

    • Gifford Lectures Online presents full text of many series.
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