George William Francis

George William Francis (1800–1865) was an English botanical and general science writer. An emigrant to Australia, he made a reputation there as a gardener.

George William Francis


    Born in London, Francis emigrated to Australia for improved prospects of supporting his family; he arrived in the Louisa Baillie 2 September 1849. Shortly he took over the old botanical garden of Adelaide, north of the Torrens River, as a tenant. Subsequently he was appointed director of the Adelaide Botanic Garden, a position he held for the rest of his life.

    Francis died after a long illness, of dropsy on 9 August 1865 and was buried the next day. He left a widow and ten children.


    Francis published:

    • Catalogue of British Plants and Ferns, 1835; 5th edition, 1840.
    • Analysis of British Ferns, 1837; 5th edition, 1855.
    • Little English Flora, 1839.
    • Grammar of Botany, 1840.
    • Chemical Experiments, 1842, abridged by W. White, 1851, and republished as Chemistry for Students.
    • Favourites of the Flower Garden, 1844.
    • Manual of Practical Levelling for Railways and Canals, 1846.
    • Art of Modelling Wax Flowers, 1849.
    • Electrical Experiments, 8th edition, 1855.
    • Dict. Practical Receipts, new edition, 1857.
    • Acclimatisation of Animals and Plants, Royal Society, South Australia, 1862.

    Francis also edited the first five volumes of the Magazine of Science and School of Arts, 1840–5.



    External links

    • Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria Australian National Herbarium Biography, Francis, George William (1800-1865).

     This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainStephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Francis, George William". Dictionary of National Biography 20. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

    Name Francis, George William
    Alternative names
    Short description British botanist
    Date of birth 1800
    Place of birth
    Date of death 1865
    Place of death