Geometer

One of the oldest surviving fragments of Euclid's Elements, found at Oxyrhynchus and dated to circa AD 100 (P. Oxy. 29). The diagram accompanies Book II, Proposition 5.

A geometer is a mathematician whose area of study is geometry.

Some important geometers and their main fields of work, chronologically listed are:

    800 BC to 1 BC


    Pythagoras

    Euclid

    Archimedes

    Eratosthenes

    Thales

    Plato

    Mozi

    1–1400 AD


    Hero of Alexandria

    Omar Khayyam

    Vergilius of Salzburg

    Abu'l-Wáfa

    Ibn Maḍāʾ

    1401–1800 AD


    Leonardo da Vinci

    Johannes Kepler

    Girard Desargues

    René Descartes

    Blaise Pascal

    Isaac Newton

    Leonhard Euler

    Carl Gauss

    August Möbius

    Nikolai Lobachevsky

    John Playfair

    Jakob Steiner

    1801–1900 AD


    Julius Plücker

    Arthur Cayley

    Bernhard Riemann

    Julius Dedekind

    Max Noether

    Felix Klein

    Henri Poincaré

    Evgraf Fedorov

    Alicia Boole Stott

    Albert Einstein

    Buckminster Fuller

    M. C. Escher

    1901–present


    H. S. M. Coxeter

    Ernst Witt

    Benoît Mandelbrot

    Branko Grünbaum

    Michael Atiyah

    J. H. Conway

    William Thurston

    Mikhail Gromov

    George W. Hart

    Shing-Tung Yau

    Károly Bezdek

    Grigori Perelman

    Geometers in art


    God as architect of the world, 1220–1230, from Bible moralisée

    Kepler's Platonic solid model of planetary spacing in the Solar system from Mysterium Cosmographicum (1596)

    The Ancient of Days, 1794, by William Blake,with the compass as a symbol for divine order

    Newton (1795), by William Blake; here, Newton is depicted critically as a "divine geometer".

    References

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