American Mathematical Society
The American Mathematical Society (AMS) is an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical research and scholarship, and serves the national and international community through its publications, meetings, advocacy and other programs.
The society is one of the four parts of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics (JPBM) and a member of the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences (CBMS).
History
It was founded in 1888 as the New York Mathematical Society, the brainchild of Thomas Fiske, who was impressed by the London Mathematical Society on a visit to England. John Howard Van Amringe was the first president and Fiske became secretary.^{} The society soon decided to publish a journal, but ran into some resistance, due to concerns about competing with the American Journal of Mathematics. The result was the Bulletin of the New York Mathematical Society, with Fiske as editorinchief. The de facto journal, as intended, was influential in increasing membership. The popularity of the Bulletin soon led to Transactions of the American Mathematical Society and Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, which were also de facto journals. In 1891 Charlotte Scott became the first woman to join the society. The society reorganized under its present name and became a national society in 1894, and that year Scott served as the first woman on the first Council of the American Mathematical Society. In 1951, the society's headquarters moved from New York City to Providence, Rhode Island. In 1954 the society called for the creation of a new teaching degree, a Doctor of Arts in Mathematics, similar to a PhD but without a research thesis.^{} In the 1970s, as reported in "A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents' Perspectives", by Lenore Blum, "In those years the AMS [American Mathematical Society] was governed by what could only be called an "old boys network," closed to all but those in the inner circle. Mary challenged that by sitting in on the Council meeting in Atlantic City. When she was told she had to leave, she refused saying she would wait until the police came. (Mary relates the story somewhat differently: When she was told she had to leave, she responded she could find no rules in the bylaws restricting attendance at Council meetings. She was then told it was by "gentlemen's agreement." Naturally Mary replied "Well, obviously I'm no gentleman.") After that time, Council meetings were open to observers and the process of democratization of the Society had begun." ^{}Julia Robinson was the first female president of the American Mathematical Society (1983–1984), but was unable to complete her term as she was suffering from leukemia.^{} The society also added an office in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1984 and an office in Washington, D.C. in 1992. In 1988 the Journal of the American Mathematical Society was created, with the intent of being the flagship journal of the AMS.
Meetings
The AMS, along with the Mathematical Association of America and other organizations, holds the largest annual research mathematics meeting in the world, the Joint Mathematics Meeting held in early January. The 2013 Joint Mathematics Meeting in San Diego drew over 6,600 attendees. Each of the four regional sections of the AMS (Central, Eastern, Southeastern and Western) hold meetings in the spring and fall of each year. The society also cosponsors meetings with other international mathematical societies.
Fellows
The AMS selects an annual class of Fellows who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of mathematics.^{}
Publications
The AMS publishes Mathematical Reviews, a database of reviews of mathematical publications, various journals, and books. In 1997 the AMS acquired the , which it continues to use as an imprint.
Journals:
 General
 Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society  published quarterly,
 Electronic Research Announcements of the American Mathematical Society  online only,
 Journal of the American Mathematical Society  published quarterly,
 Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society  published six times per year,
 Notices of the American Mathematical Society  published monthly, one of the most widely read mathematical periodicals,
 Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society  published monthly,
 Transactions of the American Mathematical Society  published monthly,
 Subjectspecific
 Mathematics of Computation  published quarterly,
 Mathematical Surveys and Monographs
 Conformal Geometry and Dynamics  online only,
 Representation Theory  online only.
Blogs:
 Blog on Blogs
 eMentoring Network in the Mathematical Sciences
 AMS Graduate Student Blog
 PhD + Epsilon
 On the Market
Prizes
Some prizes are awarded jointly with other mathematical organizations. See specific articles for details.
 Bôcher Memorial Prize
 Cole Prize
 David P. Robbins Prize
 Frank and Brennie Morgan Prize for Outstanding Research in Mathematics by an Undergraduate Student
 Fulkerson Prize
 Leroy P. Steele Prizes
 Norbert Wiener Prize in Applied Mathematics
 Oswald Veblen Prize in Geometry
Typesetting
The AMS was an early advocate of the typesetting program TeX, requiring that contributions be written in it and producing its own packages AMSTeX and AMSLaTeX. TeX and LaTeX are now ubiquitous in mathematical publishing.
Presidents
The AMS is led by the President, who is elected for a twoyear term, and cannot serve for two consecutive terms.^{}
1888–1900
 John Howard Van Amringe (New York Mathematical Society) (1888–1890)
 Emory McClintock (New York Mathematical Society) (1891–94)
 George Hill (1895–96)
 Simon Newcomb (1897–98)
 Robert Woodward (1899–1900)
1901–1950
 Eliakim Moore (1901–02)
 Thomas Fiske (1903–04)
 William Osgood (1905–06)
 Henry White (1907–08)
 Maxime Bôcher (1909–10)
 Henry Fine (1911–12)
 Edward Van Vleck (1913–14)
 Ernest Brown (1915–16)
 Leonard Dickson (1917–18)
 Frank Morley (1919–20)
 Gilbert Bliss (1921–22)
 Oswald Veblen (1923–24)
 George Birkhoff (1925–26)
 Virgil Snyder (1927–28)
 Earle Raymond Hedrick (1929–30)
 Luther Eisenhart (1931–32)
 Arthur Byron Coble (1933–34)
 Solomon Lefschetz (1935–36)
 Robert Moore (1937–38)
 Griffith C. Evans (1939–40)
 Marston Morse (1941–42)
 Marshall Stone (1943–44)
 Theophil Hildebrandt (1945–46)
 Einar Hille (1947–48)
 Joseph L. Walsh (1949–50)
1951–2000
 John von Neumann (1951–52)
 Gordon Whyburn (1953–54)
 Raymond Wilder (1955–56)
 Richard Brauer (1957–58)
 Edward McShane (1959–60)
 Deane Montgomery (1961–62)
 Joseph Doob (1963–64)
 Abraham Albert (1965–66)
 Charles B. Morrey, Jr. (1967–68)
 Oscar Zariski (1969–70)
 Nathan Jacobson (1971–72)
 Saunders Mac Lane (1973–74)
 Lipman Bers (1975–76)
 R. H. Bing (1977–78)
 Peter Lax (1979–80)
 Andrew Gleason (1981–82)
 Julia Robinson (1983–84)
 Irving Kaplansky (1985–86)
 George Mostow (1987–88)
 William Browder (1989–90)
 Michael Artin (1991–92)
 Ronald Graham (1993–94)
 Cathleen Morawetz (1995–96)
 Arthur Jaffe (1997–98)
 Felix Browder (1999–2000)
2001–present
 Hyman Bass (2001–02)
 David Eisenbud (2003–04)
 James Arthur (2005–06)
 James Glimm (2007–08)
 George E. Andrews (2009–10)
 Eric M. Friedlander (2011–12)
 David Vogan (2013–14)
 Robert L. Bryant (2015–16)
See also
 Mathematical Association of America
 European Mathematical Society
 London Mathematical Society
 List of Mathematical Societies
References
External links
 The AMS website
 A Semicentennial History of the American Mathematical Society, 1888–1938 – by Raymond Clare Archibald
 MacTutor: The New York Mathematical Society
 MacTutor: The American Mathematical Society
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